The Sixth Data Release of LAMOST Low Resolution Spectral (LRS) Survey

Section 1. Overview

The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) is a Chinese national scientific research facility operated by the National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is a special reflecting Schmidt telescope with 4000 fibers in a field of view of 20 deg2 in the sky. Until July 2018, LAMOST has completed its pilot survey, which was launched in October 2011 and ended in June 2012, and the first six years of regular survey, which was initiated on September 2012[1-7]. In this data release, there are totally 9,911,337 low resolution spectra published, which satisfy the selection criteria that the LAMOST LRS General Catalog also used. The data products of this release can be available from the website http://dr6.lamost.org/, and they include:

1.    Spectra. - There are 9,911,337 flux(relatively)- and wavelength-calibrated spectra in DR6, including 9,231,057 stellar spectra, 177,270 galaxy spectra, 62,168 quasar spectra, and 440,842 unknown object spectra, and these spectra cover the wavelength range of 3690 Å - 9100 Å with a resolution of 1800[2-3] at the 5500 Å.

2.    Spectroscopic Parameter Catalogs. - In this data release, six spectroscopic parameters catalogs are also published,and they are the LAMOST LRS General Catalog, the LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star catalog, the LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog, and the LAMOST LRS Input Catalog respectively. In the LAMOST LRS General Catalog, it includes 36 columns of basic spectroscopic information, for example, right ascension, declination, signal to noise ratio (S/N), magnitude, classification and redshift, which are also provided by the LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog, and the LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog. These three catalogs also provide other parameters, for example, atmospheric parameters (effective temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity), spectral line indices, line widths, the metallicity sensitive parameter, and the magnetic activity flag. In addition, the LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog mainly contains nine basic plate information for all published plates, and LAMOST LRS Input Catalog includes 24 basic fields mentioned above and three new fields which are not included in above catalogs.

In section 2, we introduce the released FITS file in detail, and present six parameter catalogs in section 3.

Section 2. FITS File

2.1 Designation

In this data release, over ten million FITS files are published on-line, and they are named in the form of ‘spec-MMMMM-YYYY_spXX-FFF.fits’. ‘MMMMM’, ‘YYYY’, ‘XX’, and ‘FFF’ represent the local modified Julian day (LMJD) which is a non-negative integer, the plan identity string (PLANID), the spectrograph identity number which is between 1 and 16, and the fiber identity number which is in the range of 1 to 250[8]. In addition, we can also get the LAMOST designation for an object from the DESIG keyword, and it is named in the form ‘LAMOST JHHMMSS.ss+DDMMSS.ss’, where ‘HHMMSS.ss’ is right ascension in unit of HMS, and ‘+DDMMSS.ss’ is declination in unit of DMS.

2.2 Structure

A primary header data unit (HDU), an optional conforming extension, and other optional special records compose a FITS file. A LAMOST FITS file in this release only contains the primary HDU, which is followed by a primary data array. Sub-section 2.2.1 will introduce keywords of the primary header, and sub-section 2.2.2 will describe the primary data array.

2.2.1 Primary FITS Header

We divided keywords of the primary FITS header into eight groups, and they are mandatory keywords, file information keywords, telescope parameter keywords, observation parameter keywords, spectrograph parameters keywords, weather condition keywords, data reduction parameters keywords and spectra analysis results keywords respectively. We will explain each keyword as follows.

2.2.1.1 Mandatory Keywords

Mandatory keywords are required in every Header Data Unit (HDU), and their value must be written in fixed format.

SIMPLE  =                    T /Primary Header created by MWRFITS v1.8
BITPIX  =                   -32 /
NAXIS   =                    2 /
NAXIS1  =                 3909 /
NAXIS2  =                    5 /
EXTEND  =                   T /Extensions may be present

SIMPLE Keyword --- It is required to be the first keyword in the primary header of all FITS file. The value field shall contain a logical constant with the value T if the file conforms to this standard. This keyword is mandatory for the primary header and is not permitted in extension headers. A value of F signifies that the file does not conform to this standard.

BITPIX Keyword --- The value field shall contain an integer, and it shall specify the number of bits that represent a data value. A value of -32 represents IEEE single precision floating point.

NAXIS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a non-negative integer no greater than 999, representing the number of axes in the associated data array. A value of zero signifies that no data follow the header in the HDU.

NAXIS1 and NAXIS2 Keywords --- The value field of these two indexed keywords shall contain a non-negative integer, representing the number of elements along axis n of a data array. The NAXIS1 keyword represents the number of wavelength array, i.e., the column number of the primary data array, and the NAXIS2 keyword indicates the row number of the primary data array.

EXTEND Keyword --- The value field shall contain a logical value indicating whether the FITS file is allowed to contain conforming extensions following the primary HDU. This keyword may only appear in the primary header and must not appear in an extension header. If the value field is T then there may be conforming extensions in the FITS file following the primary HDU. This keyword is only advisory, so its presence with a value T does not require that the FITS file contains extensions, nor does the absence of this keyword necessarily imply that the file does not contain extensions [9].

2.2.1.2 File Information Keywords

FILENAME= 'spec-58170-HD070403N361848V01_sp16-210.fits' /
OBSID   =            648816210 / Unique number ID of this spectrum
AUTHOR  = 'LAMOST Pipeline'    / Who compiled the information
DATA_V  = 'LAMOST DR6 INTER'         / Data release version
EXTEN0  = 'Flux, Inverse, Wavelength, Andmask, Ormask' /
N_EXTEN =                    1 / The extension number
EXTNAME = 'Flux    '           / The extension name
ORIGIN  = 'NAOC-LAMOST'        / Organization responsible for creating this file
DATE    = '2020-09-14T13:32:41' / Time when this HDU is created (UTC)

FILENAME Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the name of this FITS file. Take the ‘spec-58643-HD152645N051412B02_sp15-250.fits’ as an example, ‘58643’ is the local modified Julian day, ‘HD152645N051412B02’ is the plan ID, ‘sp15’ is the spectrograph ID, and ‘250’ is the Fiber ID.

OBSID Keyword --- The value field shall a non-negative integer giving the number ID of this spectrum.

AUTHOR Keyword --- This keyword contains a string constant ‘LAMOST Pipline’, which represents the author who produce this file.

DATA_V Keyword --- This keyword contains a string constant, which represents the data release version.

EXTEN0 Keyword --- This keyword contains a string constant ‘Flux Inverse Subcontinuum Andmask Ormask’ explaining each row of the primary data array in a primary HDU.

N_EXTEN Keyword --- The value field shall contain an integer giving the extension number of a FITS file.

EXTNAME Keyword --- This keyword contains a character string to be used to distinguish among different extensions of the same type in A FITS file. Within this context, the primary array should be considered as equivalent to an IMAGE extension.

ORIGIN Keyword --- This ORIGIN keyword contains a string constant ‘NAOC-LAMOST’, which indicates the Organization responsible for this FITS file. ‘NAOC’ represents the abbreviation of National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

DATE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the UTC time when this FITS file is created.

2.2.1.3 Telescope Parameter Keywords

TELESCOP= 'LAMOST  '           / GuoShouJing Telescope
LONGITUD=               117.58 / [deg] Longitude of site
LATITUDE=                40.39 / [deg] Latitude of site
FOCUS   =                19964 / [mm] Telescope focus
CAMPRO  = 'NEWCAM  '           / Camera program name
CAMVER  = 'v2.0    '           / Camera program version

TELESCOP Keyword --- This keyword contains a string constant ‘LAMOST’ giving the name of our telescope.

LONGITUD Keyword --- The keyword contains a floating-point constant, which provide the longitude of Xinglong station where LAMOST is mounted on.

LATITUDE Keyword --- The keyword contains a floating-point constant, which provide the latitude of Xinglong station.

FOCUS Keyword --- The FOCUS keyword gives the telescope focus, and its unit is millimeter.

CAMPRO Keyword --- The value field contain a string constant ‘NEWCAM’, which shows the name of camera.

CAMVER Keyword --- The value field contain a character string, which gives the present camera program version.

2.2.1.4 Observation Parameter Keywords

DATE-OBS= '2018-02-20T12:48:00' / The observation median UTC
DATE-BEG= '2018-02-20T20:30:18.0' / The observation start local time
DATE-END= '2018-02-20T21:06:58.0' / The observation end local time
LMJD    =                58170 / Local Modified Julian Day
MJD     =                58169 / Modified Julian Day
LMJMLIST= '83764590-83764603-83764616' / Local Modified Julian Minute list
PLANID  = 'HD070403N361848V01' / Plan ID in use
RA      =           103.632286 / [deg] Right ascension of object
DEC     =            37.801677 / [deg] Declination of object
RA_OBS  =           103.632286 / [deg] Right ascension during observing
DEC_OBS =            37.801677 / [deg] Declination during observing
OFFSET  =                    F / Whether there's a offset during observing
OFFSET_V=                 0.00 / Offset value in arcsecond
DESIG   = 'LAMOST J065431.74+374806.0' / Designation of LAMOST target
FIBERID =                  210 / Fiber ID of Object
CELL_ID = 'H1502   '           / Fiber Unit ID on the focal plane
X_VALUE = '636.4868805740'     / [mm] X coordinate of object on the focal plane
Y_VALUE = '-545.8922217890'    / [mm] Y coordinate of object on the focal plane
OBJNAME = '259566658905513'    / Name of object
OBJTYPE = 'Star    '           / Object type from input catalog
TSOURCE = 'LEGUE_LCH'          / Name of input catalog
TCOMMENT= '16612266169952852'  / Target information
TFROM   = 'LCH000001'          / Target catalog
FIBERTYP= 'Obj     '           / Fiber type of object
FIBERMAS=                    0 / Bitmask of warning values, 0 means all is well
MAGTYPE = 'gri     '           / Magnitude type of object
MAG1    =                13.47 / [mag] Mag1 of object
MAG2    =                12.95 / [mag] Mag2 of object
MAG3    =                12.75 / [mag] Mag3 of object
MAG4    =                99.00 / [mag] Mag4 of object
MAG5    =                99.00 / [mag] Mag5 of object
MAG6    =                99.00 / [mag] Mag6 of object
MAG7    =                99.00 / [mag] Mag7 of object
OBS_TYPE= 'OBJ     '           / The type of target (OBJ, FLAT, ARC or BIAS)
OBSCOMM = 'Science '           / Science or Test
RADECSYS= 'FK5     '           / Equatorial coordinate system
EQUINOX =              2000.00 / Equinox in years
LAMPLIST= 'lamphgcdne.dat'     / Arc lamp emission line list
SKYLIST = 'skylines.dat'       / Sky emission line list
NEXP    =                    3 / Number of valid exposures
NEXP_B  =                    3 / Number of valid blue exposures
NEXP_R  =                    3 / Number of valid red exposures
EXPT_B  =              1800.00 / [s] Blue exposure duration time
EXPT_R  =              1800.00 / [s] Red exposure duration time
EXPTIME =              1800.00 / [s] Minimum of exposure time for all cameras
BESTEXP =             83764590 / LMJM of the best exposure
SCAMEAN =                 6.90 / [ADU] Mean level of scatter light

DATE-OBS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which gives the median moment UTC of multiple exposures.

DATE-BEG Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the observation start Beijing Time.

DATE-END Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which provide the observation end Beijing Time.

LMJD Keyword --- The value field shall be a non-negative integer giving the local modified Julian day.

MJD Keyword --- The value field shall be a non-negative integer giving the modified Julian day.

LMJMLIST Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which shows a list of local modified Julian minute of n times exposures.

PLANID Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string providing the plan name of the target.

RA Keyword --- The value field shall contain a non-negative real floating-point number, which gives the right ascension of target from the input catalog.

DEC Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which gives the declination of target from the input catalog.

RA_OBS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a non-negative real floating-point number, which gives the pointing right ascension of target during observation.

DEC_OBS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which gives the pointing declination of target during observation.

OFFSET Keyword --- The value field shall contain a boolean value (T or F), which indicates if there is a fiber-offset for the target. The fiber-offset usually applied for the very bright stars (r<11) to avoid CCD saturation.

OFFSET_V Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving the offset value in unit of arcsec.

DESIG Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which indicates the name of LAMOST target. Like the name of SDSS target, numbers after the character ‘J’ and before ‘+’ represents RA in unit of HMS, and numbers after the character ‘+’ are DEC in unit of DMS.

FIBERID Keyword --- The value field shall contain a non-negative integer between 1 and 250, which shows the fiber ID and shall be used together with the spectrograph ID.

CELL_ID Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which gives the fiber unit ID on the focal plane. LAMOST focal plane is divided into four quadrant named ‘EFGH’ respectively, the first character of this keyword represents the quadrant number, the first two numbers after the first character is the row number in this quadrant, and the next two numbers is the column numbers.

X_VALUE and Y_VALUE Keywords --- The value field shall contain two real floating-point numbers, which give X and Y coordinates of target on the focal plane.

OBJNAME Keyword --- The value field shall contain character string, giving the name ID of object that determined by the RA, DEC and HTM method [10].

OBJTYPE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the class of objects in input catalogs.

TSOURCE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string which shows the name of organization or person who submit input catalog.

TCOMMENT Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string which shows the target ID from SDSS, UCAC4, PANSTAR and other catalogues.

TFROM Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string which shows input catalog submitted by an organization or a person determined by the TSOURCE.

FIBERTYP Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, giving the type of fiber assigned to this target. This keyword has six values, i.e., Obj, Sky, F-std, Unused, PosErr and Dead. Obj means the fiber is assigned to an object, including star, galaxy and so on. Sky indicates that the fiber is allocated to take skylight. F-std shows the fiber is used to take the light of a flux calibration standard star. Unused, PosErr and Dead mean the unused fiber, a wrong fiber position, or out of commission respectively.

FIBERMAS Keyword --- The value field shall contain an integer, which is used to show the problems of fibers. If you want to know the exact problem of a fiber, you should first convert the decimal value of ‘FIBERMAS’ to a nine-bit binary number, which is shown in table 1. If the value of a bit is 1, it represents the fiber has associated problem, and the following table 2 lists the associated fiber problem of each bit. 

Table 1: Nine bits of the ‘FIBERMAS’ field

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

 

Table 2: The fiber problems

Bit

Problem

Comment

1

NOALLOTTED

Fiber not allotted

2

BADTRACE

Bad trace from the routine TRACECENTER

3

BADFLAT

Low counts in flat field

4

BADARC

Bad arc solution

5

MANYBADPIXEL

>10% pixels are bad on CCD

6

SATURATED

>10% pixels are saturated

7

WHOPPER

Whopping fiber

8

NEARWHOPPER

Near a whopping fiber

9

BADSKYFIBER

Sky fiber shows extreme residuals

MAGTYPE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which shows the magnitude type of a target.

MAG1, MAG2, MAG3, MAG4, MAG5, MAG6 and MAG7 Keywords --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number between 0 and 100, giving the associated magnitudes of MAGTYPE keyword. For example, The MAGTYPE keyword is ‘ugrizjh’, the MAG1, MAG2, MAG3, MAG4, MAG5, MAG6 and MAG7 keywords provide the magnitudes of u, g, r, i, z, j and h filter respectively.

OBS_TYPE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the type of observation targets, which include object, flat, bias and arc lamp.

OBSCOMM Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string constant representing the observation purposes, which includes observations used for science researches and kinds of tests.

RADECSYS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the equatorial coordinate system based on the J2000 position.

EQUINOX Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving the standard epoch used at present.

LAMPLIST Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the file name of arc lamp emission line list, which is used in the process of wavelength calibration.

SKYLIST Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the file name of sky emission line list, which is used in the process of sky subtraction.

NEXP, NEXP_B and NEXP_R Keywords --- The value field of these three keywords shall contain three non-negative integers, which provide numbers of exposures, and numbers of valid blue and red exposures respectively.

EXPT_B and EXPT_R Keywords --- The value fields of these two keywords shall contain two real floating-point numbers, which give exposure duration times of blue and red CCD.

EXPTIME Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point, which gives the minimum of blue and red total exposures times.

BESTEXP Keyword --- The value field shall contain a integer, which gives the local modified Julian minute of a exposure with maximum S/N in n time exposures.

SCAMEAN Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point giving the mean level of scatter light, which is the average flux of regions where there is no fiber and is at the left and right edge of a two dimension spectra image.

2.2.1.5 Spectrograph Parameters Keywords

SPID    =                   16 / Spectrograph ID
SPRA    =          104.4324682 / [deg] Average RA of this spectrograph
SPDEC   =           37.9555196 / [deg] Average DEC of this spectrograph
SLIT_MOD= 'x2/3    '           / Slit mode, x1, x2/3 or x1/2

SPID Keyword --- The value field shall contain a non-negative integer numbers between 1 and 16, which provides the spectrograph ID.

SPRA and SPDEC Keywords --- The value field of these two keywords shall contain two real floating-point numbers, which are the averages of RA and DEC of all objects in each spectrograph.

SLIT_MOD Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string of ‘x2/3’, which gives the slit mode and responds spectra resolution of 1800 respectively at 4750 Å (blue) and 7350 Å (red).

2.2.1.6 Weather Condition Keywords

TEMPCCDB=              -121.70 / [deg] The temperature of blue CCD
TEMPCCDR=              -110.70 / [deg] The temperature of red CCD
SEEING  =                 3.30 / [arcsec] Seeing during exposure
MOONPHA =                 1.93 / [day] Moon phase for a 29.53 days period
TEMP_AIR=                -3.50 / [deg] Temperature outside dome
TEMP_FP =                -1.10 / [degree celsius] Temprature of the focal plane
DEWPOINT=               -23.40 / [deg]
DUST    = '        '           / Reservation
HUMIDITY=                19.60 /
WINDD   =               153.60 / [deg] Wind direction
WINDS   =                 1.50 / [m/s] Wind speed
SKYLEVEL= '        '           / Reservation

TEMPCCDB Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which provides the temperature of blue CCD. The unit ‘degree’ represents centigrade degree.

TEMPCCDR Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which provides the temperature of red CCD. The unit ‘degree’ represents centigrade degree.

SEEING Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving seeing during exposure, which is calculated by manually measuring the full width at half maximum of guide star image.

MOONPHA Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving the moon phase.

TEMP_AIR Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving the temperature outside dome, which is measured by automatic weather instrument. The unit ‘degree’ represents centigrade degree.

TEMP_FP Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving the temperature of focal plane, which is measured by automatic weather instrument. The unit ‘degree’ represents centigrade degree.

DEWPOINT Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving the dew-point temperature, which is also measured by the automatic weather instrument. The unit ‘degree’ represents centigrade degree.

DUST Keyword --- The value of this keyword is temporarily empty at present, because the dust measuring instrument is now in debugging, and we will write this parameters into fits header when problems are resolved.

HUMIDITY Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number between 0 and 1, which gives humidity in the air.

WINDD Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number which records the instantaneous wind direction when start exposure, and the direction of north is the 0 degree wind direction.

WINDS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number which records the instantaneous wind speed when start exposure, and wind direction and speed are also measured also by the automatic weather instrument.

SKYLEVEL Keyword --- This keyword is NULL now, because the instrument is debugging.

2.2.1.7 Data Reduction Parameters Keywords

EXTRACT = 'aperture'           / Extraction method
SFLATTEN=                    T / Super flat has been applied
PCASKYSB=                    T / PCA sky-subtraction has been applied
NSKIES  =                   37 / Sky fiber number
SKYCHI2 =                  2.0 / Mean chi^2 of sky-subtraction
SCHI2MIN=                  1.7 / Minimum chi^2 of sky-subtraction
SCHI2MAX=                  2.4 / Maximum chi^2 of sky-subtraction
NSTD    =                    6 / Number of (good) standard stars
FSTAR   = '216-141-192-191-112-214' / FiberID of flux standard stars
FCBY    = 'auto    '           / Standard stars origin (auto, manual or catalog)
HELIO   =                    T / Heliocentric correction
HELIO_RV=             22.19496 / [km/s] Heliocentric correction
VACUUM  =                    T / Wavelengths are in vacuum
NWORDER =                    2 / Number of linear-log10 coefficients
WFITTYPE= 'LOG-LINEAR'         / Linear-log10 dispersion
COEFF0  =               3.5682 / Central wavelength (log10) of first pixel
COEFF1  =               0.0001 / Log10 dispersion per pixel
WAT0_001= 'system=linear'      /
WAT1_001= 'wtype=linear label=Wavelength units=Angstroms' /
CRVAL1  =               3.5682 / Central wavelength (log10) of first pixel
CD1_1   =               0.0001 / Log10 dispersion per pixel
CRPIX1  =                    1 / Starting pixel (1-indexed)
CTYPE1  = 'LINEAR  '           /
DC-FLAG =                    1 / Log-linear flag

EXTRACT Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which indicates the method of spectrum extraction. In LAMOST spectra reduction pipeline, only the aperture method is applied to spectra extraction.

SFLATTEN Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall be Boolean, which represents whether or not use the super flat. In LAMOST spectra reduction pipeline, super flat is used to make the fiber-to-fiber relative efficiency around 1.

PCASKYSB Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall be Boolean, which represents whether or not use the PCA method to subtract sky light. In LAMOST spectra reduction pipeline, the PCA method is used to subtract sky light at the wavelength range larger than 7200 Å.

NSKIES Keyword --- The value field shall contain an integer, which shows the number of sky fiber in a spectrograph.

SKYCHI2 Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point, which gives the mean chi-square of sky-subtraction. In the process of LAMOST spectra reduction, super sky is obtained by spline fitting m sky spectra. And thus, the chi-square between the super sky and each sky spectra in an exposure, and the average chi-square of m sky spectra can also be able to obtain. Assuming n times exposures, there will be 2n average chi-square because of n blue spectra and n red spectra, and this keyword will be evaluated by calculating the mean value of these 2n average chi-squares.

SCHI2MIN Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point, which gives the minimum chi-square of sky-subtraction. As mentioned above, there will be 2n average chi-squares assuming n time exposures, and this keyword will be the minimum of these chi-squares.

SCHI2MAX Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point, which gives the maximum chi-square of sky-subtraction. As mentioned above, there will be 2n average chi-squares assuming n time exposures, this keyword will be the maximum of these chi-squares.

NSTD Keyword --- The value field shall contain a non-negative integer, which shows the number of flux standard stars with good spectra quality.

FSTAR Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the fiber identity numbers of flux standard stars, which are separated by the symbol ‘-’. It should be noted that the fiber identity number of each flux standard star starts from zero.

FCBY Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving the selection methods of flux standard stars, which include auto, manual and catalog. Auto represents the standard stars are selected by the LAMOST reduction pipeline, manual means they are picked out by experienced staffs, and catalog indicates the standard stars are provided by the input catalog.

HELIO Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall be Boolean, which represents whether or not to perform the heliocentric correction.

HELIO_RV Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point, which gives the radial velocity used to carry out the heliocentric correction.

VACUUM Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall be Boolean, which represents whether or not the LAMOST spectra is converted to vacuum wavelength.

NWORDER Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall contain an integer, which gives number of linear-log10 coefficients.

WFITTYPE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string giving linear-log10 dispersion.

COEFF0 Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which provides central wavelength (log10) of first pixel.

COEFF1 Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number giving log10 dispersion per pixel.

WAT0_001 Keyword --- The value field contains a character string.

WAT1_001 Keyword --- The value field contains a character string.

CRVAL1 Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which gives the coordinate value of the reference pixel provided by the CRPIX1 keyword [11].

CD1_1 Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point giving the dispersion of per pixel.

CRPIX1 Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall contain an integer, which sets the reference pixel location on pixel axis [11].

CTYPE1 Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which will have the value ‘LINEAR’ to define the wavelength axes to be linear [12].

DC-FLAG Keyword --- The value of this keyword shall be Boolean, a value of 0 defines a linear sampling of the dispersion and a value of 1 defines a logarithmic sampling of the dispersion [12].

2.2.1.8 Spectra Analysis Results Keyword

VERSPIPE= 'v2.9.7  '           / Version of Pipeline
CLASS   = 'STAR    '           / Class of object
SUBCLASS= 'M0      '           / Subclass of object
Z       =          -0.00019311 / Redshift of object
Z_ERR   =           0.00001923 / Redshift error of object
ZFLAG   = 'PIPILINE'           / Which method computes the redshift
SNRU    =                 0.66 / SNR of u filter
SNRG    =                13.32 / SNR of g filter
SNRR    =                36.14 / SNR of r filter
SNRI    =                78.57 / SNR of i filter
SNRZ    =                63.93 / SNR of z filter

VERSPIPE Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string constant, which provides the version of LAMOST pipelines used to spectra processing and analysis. In this data release, the value of VERSPIPE is ‘v2.9.7’. It should be noted that, ‘v2.9’ is the version of spectra reduction pipeline, ‘v7’ is the version of spectra analysis pipeline, and ‘v2.9.7’ combines these two versions together.

CLASS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string providing the classification result determined by the LAMOST spectra analysis pipeline, which includes ‘STAR’, ‘GALAXY’, ‘QSO’ or ‘Unknown’.

SUBCLASS Keyword --- The value field shall contain a character string, which gives a sub-classification results for stars. This keyword provides a more detailed spectra type for F, G, K and M dwarfs, and spectra and photometric type for A type stars. For galaxies, quasars or unknown type objects, this keyword is set to ‘Non’ now.

Z Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number providing redshift for a target, which is determined mainly by the LAMOST spectra analysis pipeline. For the case that redshift is unable to calculate by the pipeline, it will be manually determined through measuring the shifts of some spectral line centers. If the quality of a spectrum is poor, or it is classified as ‘Unknown’, its redshift is artificially set to -9999.

Z_ERR Keyword --- The value field shall contain a real floating-point number, which gives redshift error of a target. 

ZFLAG Keyword --- The value field shall contain three possible methods to compute the Z value: ‘PIPELINE’, ‘EYE-CHECK’, and ‘LASP’.

SNRU, SNRG, SNRR, SNRI and SNRZ Keywords --- The value fields of these five keywords shall contain five real floating-point numbers, which give the signal to noise ratios (S/Ns) of u, g, r, i and z bands. Using the center wavelength and bandwidth, we can obtain the wavelength range of each SDSS band, and then the S/N in each band is the median value of each pixel S/N in this band. However, it is possible that not all pixel is valid to calculate S/N. Thus, the S/N is artificially set as -9999 when the number of valid pixels used to estimate S/N is less than half of the total pixel number in each band.

2.2.2 Primary data array

The primary data array has 5 rows and NAXIS1 (a keyword explained previously) columns, and table 3 explains the data in each row.

 

Table 3: Primary data array of LAMOST fits file

Row Number

Data

Type

5

Ormask

float

4

Andmask

float

3

WaveLength

float

2

Inverse Variance

float

1

Flux

float

The first row is flux, and the second row stores the ‘inverse variance’ (one over sigma-squared, and sigma is the uncertainty), which can be used to estimate S/N of each pixel (flux * (inverse variance) ^ 0.5). The third row stores wavelength in unit of angstrom, which can be directly used by users. The ‘andmask’ information in fourth row is a decimal integer determined by a six-bit binary number shown in table 4, which represents six situations respectively as listed in table 5. The associated bit of ‘andmask’ will be set to 1, if the case always appears in each exposure. Like the ‘andmask’, the ‘ormask’ information in fifth row is also a decimal integer determined by a six-bit binary number. The difference is that each bit of ‘ormask’ will be set to 1 if the related case happens in any exposure.

 

Table 4: Six bits of ‘Andmask’ and ‘Ormask’

6

5

4

3

2

1

 

Table 5: The significance of six bits of ‘Andmask’ and ‘Ormask’

Bit

Keyword

Comments

1

BADCCD

bad pixel on CCD

2

BADPROFILE

bad profile in extraction

3

NOSKY

no sky information at this wavelength

4

BRIGHTSKY

sky level too high

5

BADCENTER

fiber trace out of the CCD

6

NODATA

no good data


For a spectrum, if you want to check which case in table 5 has happened in the spectrum reduction process, you can firstly convert the decimal ‘Andmask’ and ‘Ormask’ to a six-bit binary number. Then, a case must has happened in each exposure if associated bit is 1 in binary ‘Andmask’, and a case must has happened at least one time if associated bit is 1 in binary ‘Ormask’.

Section 3. Catalog

In this section, we introduce six LAMOST catalogs published in this data release, which can be available from the website of http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue. They are the LAMOST LRS General Catalog, the LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog, and the LAMOST LRS Input Catalog, respectively. Here, we should note that, the LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalog, the LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog, and the LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog are all subsets of the LAMOST LRS General Catalog. In addition, except galaxies, quasars and unknown objects, most majorities of objects not included in above three sub-tables are F, G and K type stars, which do not satisfy the select criterion, and the remaining small fraction of these objects are O and B type stars, white dwarf stars, emission line stars, carbon stars, spectroscopic double stars and so on.

The following table 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 separately show all fields of above six catalogs, and provide comment for each field. Most fields in these tables are explained in detail in sub-section 2.2.1, and we only introduce the fields, which are not introduced above.

3.1 LAMOST LRS General Catalog

In this sub-section, we present the LAMOST LRS General Catalog. In this table, it includes objects obtained from LAMOST pilot survey and six-year regular survey. For galaxy, QSO and M type stars, all of them are in the catalog. But for other type targets, we published spectra with r band S/Ns larger than 2, or g band S/Ns larger than 5, or i band S/Ns larger than 5.

We totally published 9,911,337 spectra in this table, including 9,231,057 stellar spectra, 177,270 galaxy spectra, 62,168 quasar spectra, and 440,842 unknown object spectra. In addition, there are 6,373,482 spectra with g band S/Ns larger than 8,459,442 spectra with i band S/Ns larger than 10, and 6,295,286 spectra with g band S/Ns larger than 10 and i band S/Ns larger than 10.

All parameters of this catalog are listed in table 6, and most majorities of them are explained in section 2.2.1 in detail. In order to prevent saturation, we artificially add offsets to the equatorial coordinates from input catalog for a fraction of luminous stars during observation. Thus, we add four new fields in catalogs except the LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog, and they are ‘ra_obs’, ‘dec_obs’, ‘offsets’ and ‘offsets_v’ respectively. The fields ‘ra_obs’ and ‘dec_obs’ are fiber pointing right ascension and declination during observation, and the fields ‘ra’ and ‘dec’ are the equatorial coordinates from the input catalog. The field ‘offsets’ represents whether there is a fiber offset during observation, and the field ‘offsets_v’ gives the offset value of equatorial coordinator in the input catalog if the ‘offsets’ field is true. Note that, the fields of ‘offsets’ and ‘offsets_v’ also in other four catalogs except the LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog are the same as the fields of ‘offset’ and ‘offset_v’ in the primary FITS header (in subsection 2.2.1.4), and the reason adding ‘s’ after ‘offset’ lie in ‘offset’ is the keyword of the data base. The fields ‘z’ and ‘z_err’ are redshift and uncertainty respectively, which were given by the LAMOST 1D pipeline, and they are set to -9999 if the redshift is unable to be estimated. Besides, the ‘fibermask’ field is the same as the ‘FIBERMAS’ field in the ‘Pimary FITS Header’, which has already detailedly described in subsection 2.2.1.4.

On the website http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue, we provide two format LAMOST LRS General Catalogs, which include a FITS table and a CSV table, and the two catalog files have the same contents.

 

Table 6: LAMOST LRS General Catalog

Field (unit)

Type

Comment

obsid

long integer

Unique Spectra ID

designation

varchar

Target Designation

obsdate

char

Target Observation Date

lmjd

char

Local Modified Julian Day

mjd

char

Modified Julian Day

planid

char

Plan Name

spid

integer

Spectrograph ID

fiberid

integer

Fiber ID

ra_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Right Ascension

dec_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Declination

snru

float

S/N of u filter

snrg

float

S/N of g filter

snrr

float

S/N of r filter

snri

float

S/N of i filter

snrz

float

S/N of z filter

objtype

varchar

Object Type

class

varchar

Spectra Type

subclass

varchar

Stellar Sub-Class

z

float

Redshift

z_err

float

Redshift Uncertainty

magtype

varchar

Target Magnitude Type

mag1 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 1

mag2 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 2

mag3 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 3

mag4 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 4

mag5 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 5

mag6 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 6

mag7 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 7

tsource

varchar

Organization or person who submit input catalog

fibertype

varchar

Fiber Type of target

[Obj, Sky, F-std, Unused, PosErr, Dead]

tfrom

varchar

Input catalog submitted by an organization or a person determined by the tsource

tcomment

varchar

Target ID from SDSS, UCAC4, PANSTAR and other catalogues

offsets

Bool

Whether there is a fiber offset during observation

offsets_v (arcsec)

float

If the ‘offsets’ field is true, ‘offsets_v’ gives the offset distance from the target’s coordinator in input catalog

ra (degree)

float

Right Ascension from input catalog

dec (degree)

float

Declination from input catalog

fibermask

integer

Possible fiber problems

 

3.2 LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalog

In this sub-section, we introduce the LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalog. We totally published 5,773,552 spectra in this catalog, including 89,116 A type star spectra, 1,785,836 F type star spectra, 2,921,025 G type star spectra and 977,575 K type star spectra. 

These spectra are selected with the criterion of S/N in g band larger than 6 in dark nights, and S/N in g band larger than 15 in bright nights. All fields of this catalog are listed in table 7, the fields of ‘teff’, ‘logg’, ‘feh’ and ‘rv’ are the effective temperatures, surface gravities, metallicities and radial velocity, which were determined by the LAMOST Stellar Parameter pipeline (LASP). The uncertainty of atmospheric parameters and radial velocity is affected mainly by two factors, i.e., the S/N and the best-matched chi-square. Using a sample of stars subtracting variable stars and having multiple observations, the precisions of atmospheric parameters and radial velocity for each observation and the relationship between the precisions and S/N were determined. Besides, the function relationship of the best-matched chi-square and S/N can also be obtained with another sample of stars. The ‘teff_err’, ‘logg_err’, ‘feh_err’ and ‘rv_err’ are uncertainties of atmospheric parameters and radial velocity, respectively, and they are estimated by the above best-matched chi-square, S/N, and the two relationships. 

It should be noted that A type stars in this catalog is a subset of the LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog, and they all have high S/N spectra. We provide two format LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalogs, which include a FITS table and a CSV table, and can be available from the website http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue.

Table 7: LAMOST LRS A, F, G and K Type Star Catalog

Field (unit)

Type

Comment

obsid

long integer

Unique Spectra ID

designation

varchar

Target Designation

obsdate

char

Target Observation Date

lmjd

char

Local Modified Julian Day

mjd

char

Modified Julian Day

planid

char

Plan Name

spid

integer

Spectrograph ID

fiberid

integer

Fiber ID

ra_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Right Ascension

dec_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Declination

snru

float

S/N of u filter

snrg

float

S/N of g filter

snrr

float

S/N of r filter

snri

float

S/N of i filter

snrz

float

S/N of z filter

objtype

varchar

Object Type

class

varchar

Spectra Type

subclass

varchar

Stellar Sub-Class

z

float

Redshift

z_err

float

Redshift Uncertainty

magtype

varchar

Target Magnitude Type

mag1 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 1

mag2 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 2

mag3 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 3

mag4 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 4

mag5 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 5

mag6 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 6

mag7 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 7

tsource

varchar

Organization or person who submit input catalog

fibertype

varchar

Fiber Type of target

[Obj, Sky, F-std, Unused, PosErr, Dead]

tfrom

varchar

Input catalog submitted by an organization or a person determined by the tsource

tcomment

varchar

Target ID from SDSS, UCAC4, PANSTAR and other catalogues

offsets

Bool

Whether there is a fiber offset during observation

offsets_v (arcsec)

float

If the ‘offsets’ field is true, ‘offsets_v’ gives the offset distance from the target’s coordinator in input catalog

ra (degree)

float

Right Ascension from input catalog

dec (degree)

float

Declination from input catalog

teff (K)

float

Effective Temperature obtained by the LASP

teff _err (K)

float

Effective Temperature Uncertainty obtained by the LASP

logg (dex)

float

Surface Gravity obtained by the LASP

logg_err (dex)

float

Surface Gravity Uncertainty obtained by the LASP

feh(dex)

float

Metallicity obtained by the LASP

feh_err (dex)

float

Metallicity Uncertainty obtained by the LASP

rv (km/s)

float

Heliocentric Radial Velocity obtained by the LASP

rv_err (km/s)

float

Uncertainty of Heliocentric Radial Velocity obtained by the LASP


3.3 LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog

In this sub-section, we introduce the LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog. We publish all 558,136 A type star spectra in this catalog, which are also in the LAMOST LRS General Catalog. Table 8 shows all fields of this catalog, the ‘class’ field presents the two-dimension spectral classification results, and nearly all A type stars have luminosity class, which are provided by the LAMOST 1D pipeline. The fields ‘kp6’, ‘kp12’, ‘kp18’, ‘halpha12’, ‘halpha24’, ‘halpha48’, ‘halpha70’, ‘hbeta12’, ‘hbeta24’, ‘hbeta48’, ‘hbeta60’, ‘hgamma12’, ‘hgamma24’, ‘hgamma48’, ‘hgamma54’, ‘hdelta12’, ‘hdelta24’, ‘hdelta48’, ‘hdelta64’, ‘paschen13’, ‘paschen142’ and ‘paschen242’ are line indices of Ca II K, Halpha, Hbeta, Hgamma, Hdelta, and Paschen lines respectively, and the numbers in their names are the used band widths in the unit of angstrom. It should be noted that the three Paschen line indices use the local continua at 8467.5 Å, 8598.0 Å, and 8751.0 Å respectively. Besides, the fields ‘halpha_d02’, ‘hbeta_d02’, ‘hgama_d02’, and ‘hdelta_d02’ are the widths at 20% below the local continua of four BALMER lines. If these line indices and line widths were not available, they were set to -9999. 

We provide two formats LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalogs, which include a FITS table and a CSV table, and can be download from the website http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue.

 

Table 8: LAMOST LRS A Type Star Catalog

Field (unit)

Type

Comment

obsid

long integer

Unique Spectra ID

designation

varchar

Target Designation

obsdate

char

Target Observation Date

lmjd

char

Local Modified Julian Day

mjd

char

Modified Julian Day

planid

char

Plan Name

spid

integer

Spectrograph ID

fiberid

integer

Fiber ID

ra_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Right Ascension

dec_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Declination

snru

float

S/N of u filter

snrg

float

S/N of g filter

snrr

float

S/N of r filter

snri

float

S/N of i filter

snrz

float

S/N of z filter

objtype

varchar

Object Type

class

varchar

Stellar Class

subclass

varchar

Stellar Sub-Class

z

float

Redshift

z_err

float

Redshift Uncertainty

magtype

varchar

Target Magnitude Type

mag1 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 1

mag2 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 2

mag3 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 3

mag4 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 4

mag5 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 5

mag6 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 6

mag7 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 7

tsource

varchar

Organization or person who submit input catalog

fibertype

varchar

Fiber Type of target

[Obj, Sky, F-std, Unused, PosErr, Dead]

tfrom

varchar

Input catalog submitted by an organization or a person determined by the tsource

tcomment

varchar

Target ID from SDSS, UCAC4, PANSTAR and other catalogues

offsets

Bool

Whether there is a fiber offset during observation

offsets_v (arcsec)

float

If the ‘offsets’ field is true, ‘offsets_v’ gives the offset distance from the target’s coordinator in input catalog

ra (degree)

float

Right Ascension from input catalog

dec (degree)

float

Declination from input catalog

kp12 (Å)

float

Ca II K line index with band widths of 12 Å

kp18 (Å)

float

Ca II K line index with band widths of 18 Å

kp6 (Å)

float

Ca II K line index with band widths of 6 Å

hdelta12 (Å)

float

Hdelta Line Index with band widths of 12 Å

hdelta24 (Å)

float

Hdelta Line Index with band widths of 24 Å

hdelta48 (Å)

float

Hdelta Line Index with band widths of 48 Å

hdelta64 (Å)

float

Hdelta Line Index with band widths of 64 Å

hgamma12 (Å)

float

Hgamma Line Index with band widths of 12 Å

hgamma24 (Å)

float

Hgamma Line Index with band widths of 24 Å

hgamma48 (Å)

float

Hgamma Line Index with band widths of 48 Å

hgamma54 (Å)

float

Hgamma Line Index with band widths of 54 Å

hbeta12 (Å)

float

Hbeta Line Index with band widths of 12 Å

hbeta24 (Å)

float

Hbeta Line Index with band widths of 24 Å

hbeta48 (Å)

float

Hbeta Line Index with band widths of 48 Å

hbeta60 (Å)

float

Hbeta Line Index with band widths of 60 Å

Halpha12 (Å)

float

Halpha Line Index with band widths of 12 Å

Halpha24 (Å)

float

Halpha Line Index with band widths of 24 Å

halpha48 (Å)

float

Halpha Line Index with band widths of 48 Å

halpha70 (Å)

float

Halpha Line Index with band widths of 70 Å

paschen13 (Å)

float

Paschen line index from local continuum at 8467.5 with band widths of 13.0

paschen142 (Å)

float

Paschen line index from local continuum at 8598.0 with band widths of 42.0

paschen242 (Å)

float

Paschen line index from local continuum at 8751.0 with band widths of 42.0

halpha_d02 (Å)

float

Width at 20% below the local continuum of Halpha line

hbeta_d02 (Å)

float

Width at 20% below the local continuum of Hbeta line

hgama_d02 (Å)

float

Width at 20% below the local continuum of Hgama line

hdelta_d02 (Å)

float

Width at 20% below the local continuum of Hdelta line


3.4 LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog

In this sub-section, we introduce the LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog. We publish parameters for all 635,285 M type star spectra in this catalog, and 574,954 of them have surface gravities larger than or equal to 3.5 dex. 

The fields of ‘teff’, ‘logg’, and ‘m_h’ in table 9 are effective temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities for M type stars, which were determined by the cross-correlation method, and their errors of ‘teff_err’, ‘logg_err’, and ‘m_h_err’ were estimated with the method that LASP used. Here, the BT-Settl CIFIST2011 spectra[13-14] were used as templates to estimate atmospheric parameters of M type stars. The ‘ewha’ and ‘ewha_err’ fields are Halpha line equivalent width and error. The fields of ‘tio1’, ‘tio1_err’, ‘tio2’, ‘tio2_err’, ‘tio3’, ‘tio3_err’, ‘tio4’, ‘tio4_err’, ‘tio5’, ‘tio5_err’, ‘cah1’, ‘cah1_err’, ‘cah2’, ‘cah2_err’, ‘cah3’, ‘cah3_err’, ‘caoh’, ‘caoh_err’, and ‘na’ are TiO, CaH, CaOH, and Na spectral line indices and their errors. Besides, a metallicity sensitive parameter of ‘zeta’, its error of ‘zeta_err’, and a magnetic activity flag of ‘type’ were also provided in this catalog. The value of ‘type’ includes 1 and 0, where 1 represents a M star has magnetic activity, and 0 means it does not have magnetic activity. Previous equivalent width, spectral line indices, ‘zeta’, ‘type’, and their errors were all given by the HAMMER software, and they were set to -9999 if they were unable to be determined. In addition, ‘z’ and ‘z_err’ are redshift and uncertainty separately, and they were estimated by the LAMOST 1D pipeline. 

We provide two formats LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalogs, which include a FITS table and a CSV table, can be available from the website http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue.

Table 9: LAMOST LRS M Type Star Catalog

Field (unit)

Type

Comment

obsid

long integer

Unique Spectra ID

designation

varchar

Target Designation

obsdate

char

Target Observation Date

lmjd

char

Local Modified Julian Day

mjd

char

Modified Julian Day

planid

char

Plan Name

spid

integer

Spectrograph ID

fiberid

integer

Fiber ID

ra_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Right Ascension

dec_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Declination

snru

float

S/N of u filter

snrg

float

S/N of g filter

snrr

float

S/N of r filter

snri

float

S/N of i filter

snrz

float

S/N of z filter

objtype

varchar

Object Type

class

varchar

Spectra Type

subclass

varchar

Stellar Sub-Class

z

float

Redshift

z_err

float

Redshift Uncertainty

magtype

varchar

Target Magnitude Type

mag1 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 1

mag2 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 2

mag3 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 3

mag4 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 4

mag5 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 5

mag6 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 6

mag7 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 7

tsource

varchar

Organization or person who submit input catalog

fibertype

varchar

Fiber Type of target

[Obj, Sky, F-std, Unused, PosErr, Dead]

tfrom

varchar

Input catalog submitted by an organization or a person determined by the tsource

tcomment

varchar

Target ID from SDSS, UCAC4, PANSTAR and other catalogues

offsets

Bool

Whether there is a fiber offset during observation

offsets_v (arcsec)

float

If the ‘offsets’ field is true, ‘offsets_v’ gives the offset distance from the target’s coordinator in input catalog

ra (degree)

float

Right Ascension from input catalog

dec (degree)

float

Declination from input catalog

teff (K)

float

Effective Temperature obtained by the cross correlation method

teff _err (K)

float

Effective Temperature Uncertainty estimated with the method LASP used

logg (dex)

float

Surface Gravity obtained by the cross correlation method

logg_err (dex)

float

Surface Gravity Uncertainty estimated with the method LASP used

m_h (dex)

float

Metallicity obtained by the cross correlation method

m_h_err (dex)

float

Metallicity Uncertainty estimated with the method LASP used

ewha (Å)

float

Equivalent Width of Halpha line

ewha_err (Å)

float

Equivalent Width Uncertainty of Halpha line

tio5 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of TiO5

cah2 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of CaH2

cah3 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of CaH3

tio1 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of TiO1

tio2 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of TiO2

tio3 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of TiO3

tio4 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of TiO4

cah1 (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of CaH1

caoh (Å)

float

Spectral Indice of CaOH

tio5_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of TiO5

cah2_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of CaH2

cah3_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of CaH3

tio1_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of TiO1

tio2_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of TiO2

tio3_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of TiO3

tio4_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of TiO4

cah1_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of CaH1

caoh_err (Å)

float

Spectral Indice Error of CaOH

zeta

float

Metallicity Sensitive Parameter

zeta_err

float

Error of Metallicity Sensitive Parameter

type

integer

Magnetic Activity

na (Å)

float

Line Indice of Na Line


3.5 LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog

In this sub-section, we introduce the LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog. Besides ‘obsdate’ and ‘planid’ fields also in other catalogs, we provide other seven basic information of all 4573 published plates as described in table 10. The fields of ‘ra’ and ‘dec’ are right ascension and declination of center star of each plate, and the field ‘mag’ is the magnitude of center star. The field ‘seeing’ is the dome seeing of the first exposure, and the field ‘exptime’ is the total exposure time of n time exposures. Besides, the field ‘lmjm’ is the local modified Julian minute at the start time of each plate, and the ‘pid’ is the unique ID of each plate.

We provide a format of this table to download, which is available from the website http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue.

Table 10: LAMOST LRS Observed Plate Information Catalog

Field (unit)

Type

Comment

pid

integer

Plate ID

obsdate

float

Target Observation Date

planid

char

Plan Name

ra (degree)

float

Right Ascension of center star

dec (degree)

float

Declination of center star

mag (mag)

float

Magnitude of center star

seeing

float

Seeing of the first exposure

exptime (second)

float

The total exposure time of n time exposures

lmjm

Integer

Local Modified Julian Minute at the start time of each plate


3.6 LAMOST LRS Input Catalog

In this sub-section, we introduce the LAMOST LRS Input Catalog. This catalog includes 27 fields for 12,281,381 targets. There are three fields which are not included in above five tables, and they are the ‘unitid’, ‘epoch’ and ‘tname’ fields respectively. The ‘unitid’ field is the ID of 4000 fiber units, and the ‘tname’ field provides unique ID of this catalog for each target. Besides, the value of the ‘epoch’ field is ‘J2000’. 

We provide a format of this table to download, which is available from the website http://dr6.lamost.org/v2/catalogue.

 

Table 11: LAMOST LRS Input Catalog

Field (unit)

Type

Comment

obsid

long integer

Unique Spectra ID

obsdate


float

Target Observation Date

planid

char

Plan Name

spid

integer

Spectrograph ID

fiberid

integer

Fiber ID

unitid

char

ID of 4000 fiber unites

ra_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Right Ascension

dec_obs (degree)

float

Fiber Pointing Declination

objtype

varchar

Object Type

magtype

varchar

Target Magnitude Type

mag1 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 1

mag2 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 2

mag3 (mag)

float


Associated Magnitude 3

mag4 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 4

mag5 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 5

mag6 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 6

mag7 (mag)

float

Associated Magnitude 7

tsource

varchar

Organization or person who submit input catalog

fibertype

varchar

Fiber Type of target [Obj, Sky, F-std, Unused, PosErr, Dead]

tfrom

varchar

Input catalog submitted by an organization or a person determined by the objsourc

tcomment

varchar

Target ID from SDSS, UCAC4, PANSTAR and other catalogues

offsets

bool

Whether there is a fiber offset during observation

offsets_v (arcsec)

float

If the ‘offsets’ field is true, ‘offsets_v’ gives the offset distance from the target’s coordinator in input catalog

ra (degree)

float

Right Ascension from input catalog

dec (degree)

float

Declination from input catalog

epoch

char

J2000

tname

char

Unique ID for each targets in this catalog


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